lysis definition medical

Terms of Use. A fluid containing the contents of lysed cells is called a lysate. In molecular biology, biochemistry, and cell biology laboratories, cell cultures may be subjected to lysis in the process of purifying their components, as in protein purification, DNA extraction, RNA extraction, or in purifying organelles. Lysis is the breaking down of the membrane of a cell, often by viral, enzymic, or osmotic mechanisms that compromise its integrity. Hemolysis is the destruction of red blood cells with the release of hemoglobin; bacteriolysis is the destruction of bacteria; etc. Dying cells release large amounts of potassium, phosphate, and uric acid into the blood. The dissolution or destruction of cells, such as blood cells or bacteria, as by the action of a specific lysin. Lysis: Destruction. How to use lytic in a sentence. This can cause heart or kidney problems and lead to kidney failure. bands of scar tissue that can grow anywhere inside your body Also, lysis reduced the magnitude of subsequent surgical procedure in 55.8% of patients, such as reducing an above-the-knee amputation to a below-the-knee amputation. Biochemistry The dissolution or destruction of cells, such as blood cells or bacteria, as by the action of a specific lysin that disrupts the cell membrane. Overall, four counties emerged as the most heavily us ed; these are Utah, Juab, Tooele, and Sanpete . Dialysis (dia-lysis): the separation of smaller molecules from larger molecules in a solution by the selective diffusion of substances across a semi-permeable membrane. Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. Biochemistry The dissolution or destruction of cells, such as blood cells or bacteria, as by the action of a specific lysin that disrupts the cell membrane. See additional information. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. Ta b l e 1. age, s ex, ed uca tio n, APOE genotype a nd histor y of vascu lar r isk . See more. Body System: Skeletal Demogr aphic compari sons evaluate d potential d ifferences i n . home/medterms medical dictionary a-z list / lysis definition. The arch is formed of soft fibrous tissue and there is a weak link with adjacent vertebrae so that the condition of SPONDYLOLISTHESIS may occur. 2. https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/lysis, - Mammalian cell culture systems have grabbed substantial attention among the biopharmaceutical manufacturers, thus leading to higher demand for cell, Table-4: Factors Associated with Clinical Tumour, The mechanism of occurrence of spontaneous TLS is hypothesized to be the consequence of necrosis developing in a large tumor as vascular supply is compromised by tumor growth and necrosis of tumor cells progress to tumor, Liu, "Cutaneous metastatic adenocarcinoma complicated by spontaneous tumor, In the presence of an intramuscular growing mass with associated bone, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, Tumor lysis syndrome in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia at tertiary care center, Cell Lysis & Disruption: Global Market Size, Share & Trends (2019-2025), COMPARISON BETWEEN CONVENTIONAL BLOOD CULTURE AND LYSIS-CENTRIFUGATION METHOD IN SUSPECTED CASES OF SEPSIS IN CHILDREN IN KATIHAR, BIHAR, Tumour Lysis Syndrome in children with haematological cancers: Experience at a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Cauda Equina Syndrome Following an Epidural Lysis Procedure: A Case Report/Epidural Lizis Islemi Sonrasi Gelisen Kauda Ekina Send Romu: Olgu Sunumu, TRABEKULEKTOMI OPERASYONU SONRASI ERKEN DONEMDE YUKSEK GOZ ICI BASINCI ICIN YAPILAN LAZERLE SUTUR KESILMESININ ETKINLIGI/EFFECTIVENESS OF LASER SUTURE LYSIS AFTER TRABECULECTOMY WITH EARL Y-POSTOPERATIVE HIGH INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE, Tumor Lysis Syndrome in Patients with Hematological Malignancies, Spontaneous Tumor Lysis Syndrome due to Uterine Leiomyosarcoma with Lung Metastases, Spontaneous Tumor Lysis Syndrome in a Patient with a Dedifferentiated Endometrial Adenocarcinoma, An Interesting Case of Intramuscular Myxoma with Scapular Bone Lysis, Inhibition of Fibrinolysis by Coagulation Factor XIII, Lyso-N-acylphosphatidylethanolamine lipase. (2) The dissolution or destruction of cells, including microorganisms; disruption of tissue structure under the influence of enzymes and other lytic agents. Medicine The gradual subsiding of the symptoms of an acute disease. Hemolysis is the destruction of red blood cells with the release of hemoglobin ; bacteriolysis is the destruction of bacteria; etc. The literature search was using PubMed with the following medical keywords: {spontaneous} and {tumor lysis syndrome} OR {TLS}. Many species of bacteria are subject to lysis by the enzyme Medical Definition of Lytic Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR Lytic: Suffix having to do with lysis (destruction), as in hemolytic anemia , the excessive destruction of red blood cells leading to anemia. 2. [< Greek; see lysis ] © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. Tell a friend about us, add a link to this page, or … 2011; 364 (19): p.1844-1854. Example: myolysis. Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012 Want to thank TFD for its existence? The counties receiving the most vi sitations becam e evident very ea rly in the ana lysis. The reddish color is due to the hemoglobin. Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is an oncologic emergency that is caused by massive tumor cell lysis with the release of large amounts of potassium, phosphate, and … Surgical division of postinflammatory or postoperative adhesions, particularly abdominal (peritoneal) adhesions. Lysis lasts from three to ten or 12 days. Medical Definition of lysis 1 : the gradual decline of a disease process (as fever) — compare crisis sense 1 2 : a process of disintegration or dissolution (as of cells) Lyse definition, to cause dissolution or destruction of cells by lysins. Lysis: Destruction. -lysis word element [Gr. -Lysis. This will occur if the cells are placed in plain water. Also, in the subgroup of patients with ALI, CDT had a lower amputation rate and length of hospital stay than surgery. 2. to undergo lysis. Abbreviations, acronyms, and medical terminology are used for many conditions, and for instructions on medication prescribed by your doctor. Master today's medical vocabulary. ©1996-2021 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. Lyse Definition. | Open in Read by QxMD; Jones GL, Will A, Jackson GH, Webb NJA, Rule S. Guidelines for the management of tumour lysis syndrome in adults and children with haematological malignancies on behalf of the British Committee for Standards in Haematology. ses (-sēz) 1. The gradual subsiding of the symptoms of an acute disease; a form of the recovery process. To lyse is to break apart a larger particle into smaller pieces. This is a short list of common abbreviations you may have seen on a doctor's notepad; a prescription drug package or bottle; … Lysis can also refer to the subsidence of one or more symptoms of an acute disease as, for example, the lysis of fever in pneumonia. Medical Definition of Erythrocyte. lysis The destruction of a living cell by disruption of its membrane. Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005 See more. Dialysis is also a medical procedure done to separate metabolic waste, toxins and excess water from the blood. Haemolysis is lysis of red blood cells. Lysis: Destruction. 0. Spontaneous Tumor Lysis Syndrome in a Patient with a Dedifferentiated Endometrial Adenocarcinoma Lytic definition, of, noting, or pertaining to lysis or a lysin. … All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is a condition that happens when cancer cells die quickly. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Also called a red blood cell (RBC). A symptomless congenital deficiency of bone in the arch of the 5th or 4th lumbar vertebra disorder of the spine. 4 Medical Mycology, 2015, V ol. adj., adj -lyt´ic. 00, No. Medical Definition of lyse transitive verb : to cause to undergo lysis : produce lysis in cells were lysed N Engl J Med. Hemolysis is the destruction of red blood cells with the release of hemoglobin ; bacteriolysis is the destruction of bacteria; etc. The Tumor Lysis Syndrome. Medical definition of sarcolysis: lysis of muscular tissue. Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. MedicineNet does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; Erythrocyte: A cell that contains hemoglobin and can carry oxygen to the body. Statist ical Ana lysis . In vitro susceptibility of Candida albicans strains to K20 and azoles alone and in combination. doi: 10.1056/nejmra0904569 . Medical Dictionary Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. -lysis a combining form with the meanings “breakdown,” “decomposition” of or by means of the thing specified by the initial element: cytolysis; hydrolysis; photolysis. ], dissolution. Terms of Use. The dissolution or destruction of cells, such as blood cells or bacteria, as by the action of a specific lysin that disrupts the cell membrane. 1. to cause or produce disintegration of a compound, substance, or cell. Lysis can also refer to the subsidence of one or more symptoms of an acute disease as, for example, the lysis of fever in pneumonia . A number of infectious diseases (typhoid fever, scarlet fever, measles), focal inflammations of the lungs, and pleuritis terminate in lysis. ©1996-2020 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved. Lysis can also refer to the subsidence of one or more symptoms of an acute disease as, for example, the lysis of fever in pneumonia . Online Medical Dictionary and glossary with medical definitions, u listing. Lytic definition is - of or relating to lysis or a lysin; also : productive of or effecting lysis (as of cells). Definition: loosening, separating. ses (-sēz) 1. , Inc strains to K20 and azoles alone and in combination of a specific lysin including. Of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition emerged as the most up-to-date comprehensive!, u listing of red blood cell ( RBC ) most heavily us ed ; these are Utah Juab. Dictionary from the blood cells is called a red blood cell ( RBC ) containing the contents of lysed is. 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