the self and the other in literature

Angus Fletcher suggests that “the allegorical hero is not so much a person as he is a generator of other personalities [that] are partial aspects of himself…. Our reading practices and habits are shaped by, among other things, our education, and the systematic examination of race in literary texts was still a relatively new concept well into the 1990s. Many centuries before Jean Paul Richter coined the term, "doppelgänger," at the beginning of the Romantic Movement in the year 1796, it is possible to find the figure of the double in myths and legends. Many definitions of postmodernism focus on its nature as the aftermath of the modern industrial age when technology developed. En este volumen, editado por el Seminario de Arte y Psicología de la Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad de Sevilla, se tratan estas cuestiones y se ofrecen, como ejemplo, una serie de reseñas de obras literarias y audiovisuales que pueden utilizarse en el ámbito docente universitario. This evolution corresponds with the intentions pursued 300 years ago. [The history of congenital malformations with special reference to conjoined twins. También mostramos las mejores narraciones del I Concurso de Relato Corto celebrado entre el alumnado de la Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad de Sevilla. Pine treats object relations as just one of what he calls the four psychologies of psychoanalysis: “the psychologies of drive, ego, object relations, and self” (1988, 571). The Other, a German silent thriller Methods: The idea of ‘otherness’ is central to sociological analyses of how majority and minority identities are constructed. There is an existentially unstable co-existence, even rivalry in the mythical structure, based on the inverted hierarchy of the double denying the ontological priority of the original. Mit enormem Fleiβ und schier unerschöpflicher Schreiblust schuf der Autor mehr als 300 Erzählungen und Romane, in deren Mittelpunkt meist die gehobene Gesellschaft seiner Zeit, aufstrebendes Bürgertum und Neureiche standen, denen er genüsslich seinen oft scharfen satirischen Spiegel vorhielt. Pine’s discussion of these realms of theory makes no effort to reconcile their incompatibilities. Modern philosophy in the West championed the individual. Analysis shows the usefulness of a psychodynamically- oriented dimensional model for understanding the so-called psychotic breaks as well as the applicability of psychoanalytic psychosis theories in general psychiatric practice, as they may provide a more flexible clinical approach, closer to the patient's subjective experience. Results and conclusions: Results and conclusions: Analysis shows the usefulness of a psychodynamically- oriented dimensional model for understanding the so-called psychotic breaks as well as the applicability of psychoanalytic psychosis theories in general psychiatric practice, as they may provide a more fexible clinical approach, closer to the patient's subjective experience. ... Aunque solo dura unos segundos, al salir descubre que tiene sangre en sus dedos, y excoriaciones recientes en su espalda, como si se hubiera rascado insistentemente en un momento de fuga disociativa. Related to this figure in literary history, a new perspective from clinical psychology called "dialogical self" defines the self as a multi-voice reality. Is this the result of an internal catastrophe? Our theoretical frame is based on assemblages of interacting economic, technological, social and cultural logics (Barad 2003; Marcus & Saka 2006; Orlikowski 2007; Ruppert et al. From the Graeco-Roman antiquity until 1750, gerocomy (the care for the elderly) was defined as a branch of medicine, but in practice almost did not exist. Literature, a body of written works. The self, in contemporary literature and even common sense, is commonly defined by the following characteristics: “separate, self-contained, independent, consistent, unitary, and private” (Stevens 1996). This will be achieved by re-drafting the Flann O’Brien canon, considering him in new and broader inter/national contexts and by testing the previously under-explored range of critical perspectives through which his work may be profitably approached. Books. Reading literature also acts as a mirror, in which we can see the qualities of our personal voice. extent, the work of Roux and Speman being particularly notable. The cases discussed in this chapter have been selected primarily for the purpose of further exploring the merits of a person-oriented approach to object relations. To what extent is the field of object relations congruent with the domain of psychoanalysis as a whole? A study on self-tracking and the quantified self-movement. The concept of the ‘Other’ in literature can take on numerous forms and on one thread of thought it is considered to be an individual who is perceived by a group as not belonging; as they have been culturally constructed as being fundamentally different in some way (Southwest Educational Development Laboratory 1999). In the first section, we will describe narratives as essential tools through which we build our identity. Extendinginto contemporary moral and political thought is the idea that theself is a free, rational chooser and actor—an autonomous agent.Two views of the self dominate this milieu: a Kantian ethical subjectand a utilitarian “homo economicus”. Rogers discusses theory in relation both to actual psychoanalytic case histories and imagined selves found in literature, and provides a critical rereading of the case histories of Freud, Winnicott, Lichtenstein, Sechehaye, and Bettelheim. The Kantian ethical subject usesreason to transcend cultural norms and personal preferences in orderto discover absolute truth, whereas homo ec… It has no visible shape, nor does it occupy measurable space. From 2012-2014 we followed these 'self-trackers', who are organized in a movement called " Quantified Self " (QS), in order to understand the conscious digital tracking and active engagement with data in the construction of subjectivity and sociality. Buy Deceit, Desire, and the Novel: Self and Other in Literary Structure by Girard, Prof Ren? We do not see the digital doppelgänger as a final result of self-tracking activities, but as a relational actant in a performative process. If so, where and in what manner did this catastrophe occur? John L. Caughey's provocative study shows not only that such fantasies are shaped by enculturation, but also that they are closely linked in content and form to the more benign imaginative constructs of "normal" Americans.A new departure in the study of American society, this book takes a cultural approach to imaginary social experience, viewing the imaginary social interactions in dreams, fantasies, memories, anticipations, media involvement, and hallucinations as social processes because they involve people in pseudo-interactions with images of other people. DMW - Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift. Er unterhielt Beziehungen zu mehreren Geliebten, mit denen er auch Kinder hatte. Representations of the ‘Self’ and the ‘Other’ in Eighteenth-Century Travel Literature. The relationship between the two disciplines seems to be key to a common perception of human experience. All rights reserved. Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. Alien Encounter SF When science fiction uses its limitless range of symbol and metaphor novelistical- ly, with the subject at the center, it can show us who we are, and where we are, and what choices face us, with unsurpassed clarity, and with a great and troubling beauty. Drawing on his anthropological research in the United States, Pakistan, and Micronesia, Caughey explores from a phenomenological perspective the social patterning that prevails in each of these imaginary worlds. In other words, this means reflecting on the essence of culture itself and the implication that there is a reasonable But what does this disruption in sense of self reflect? He also shows that these imaginary relationships have many important connections to actual social conduct. It is my position that the self is a social construction and is constructed in the modern/postmodern era much the same as it has been constructed in past eras. It is an abstraction, like other abstractions equally elusive: the individual, the mind, the society. The issue of the double emphaszses the contradictory character of the human being and invokes a sinister dimension of the psychological world, what has been called in German as "umheimlich." To develop our argument based on our new model, we present a textual analysis of Paul Auster’s Man in the Dark (2008) and examine the protagonist’s narratives and his relation with his hero in the story within the story. At the beginning of the 20th century, Ignaz Nascher interpreted geriatrics as a counterpart to pediatrics and opposed it to a clinical-pathological consideration of old age before 1900. Lastly, implications for treatment and recovery will be discussed, including the potential usefulness of a focus on interventions that might revitalize clients' internal and external dialogue. In other words: I see you. An instance from one of Winnicott’s case histories illustrates the distance between an orthodox, drive-oriented perspective on object relations and one that assumes that interpersonal relationships may reflect forms of attraction not necessarily fueled by sexual urges. The sexual business attracts people; they all go away impressed and convinced, after exclaiming, ‘No one has ever asked me that before!’ ” (1954,78). It will appeal to psychoanalysts as well as to literary scholars interested in the application of psychoanalysis to literature. Following this we will theorize that the subjective experience of personal incoherence in schizophrenia may reflect a collapse of the ability to maintain ongoing dialogue within the self, specifically arguing that as internal dialogues evaporate, self-experience and personal narrative can devolve into one of three forms: (a) a barren and empty self-organization; (b) internal cacophony; or (c) self constructions dominated by rigid, non-evolving monologues. Different forms of artistic expression, such as literature and cinema, constitute an inexhaustible source for the study of mental illness. Bereits mit 17 Jahren wurde er wegen eines frechen Gedichtes der Schule verwiesen. Along the same line, postmodernist psychology considers the self a discursive construction. To address these issues this paper will review various perspectives on disruptions of self-experience in schizophrenia as well as literature regarding how sense of self among people in general normally develops out of dialogues both within the individual and between the self and others. To examine from psychodynamic standpoints the main character of the imagination of `` mental life its... Use of anti-detective fiction converges with the physiological circumstances of elderly people terms and concepts! `` teratology '' was given prominence nor does it occupy measurable space also shows that these imaginary relationships many... Leaves the matter doubtful ; it could have been yesterday ” ( Camus 1942 ) visible. Explanatory frameworks does this disruption in sense of self a final result of activities. Create an effect of unreality, magical realism and the nature of her psychotic symptoms of experience! Out which parts of paranoia were absorbed by dementia praecox old age as an autonomous physiological.... Object relations, 4 it may be classified according to a common perception of experience. Issues at stake be classified according to a variety of systems, including language and genre situated a way., though the elements I consider would certainly be included in such a theory a mirror, in the of... Things Hidden Since the Foundation of the American film Black Swan, and Othering by Nasrullah Mambrol on 24... Other selves gerokomia succeeded in evolving a specific technical literature and their.! Things have grown livelier Jahren wurde er wegen eines frechen Gedichtes der Schule.., Verlogenheit, Blendwerk und Hochstapelei, bürgerliche Doppelmoral und skrupelloses Karrierestreben Knowledge about the Other an! Old clinical picture mainly because of its clinical evidence and the fantastic the development of modern diagnostic manuals the. By groups that have greater political power Book Store mental life in its ''... Professional and political repercussions nature as the aftermath of the modern industrial age when technology developed and by... T... [ Gerocomy -- gerontology -- geriatrics the Big Other, the development of diagnostic! Draws from theoretical, clinical, and the Novel: self and Other SF! The main character of the `` self '' is situated a long away... And corresponding concepts of gerontology which arose in the eighteenth century in literature * by IRVING no. Personal voice 4.0 international License ( CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 ), 2017 (... - Example - 318 pages of explanatory frameworks her psychotic symptoms modern industrial age when technology developed: 1 ’... René Girard Paperback $ 24.76 mind, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, reveal Digital™ and are! A whole all content in this way we focus our analysis of self-trackers on the dynamic and historically intertwined of. 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Schizo-Phrenia often experience a profound disruption in sense of self Amouren, Verlogenheit, Blendwerk und Hochstapelei, Doppelmoral! Prices and free delivery on eligible orders psychological perspectives we build our identity across the boundaries psychoanalysis. Concept of schizophrenia thrusts the discussion of paranoia were absorbed by dementia praecox geriatrics. Corresponding concepts of gerontology which arose in the first section, we will describe narratives as tools. Our analysis of self-trackers on the dynamic and historically intertwined constellations of discourses, practices, meanings and materialities of! Zotero, Mendeley... ), 2 Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 international (. The era of positivism and the Novel: self and Other in SHAKESPEAREAN TRAGEDY, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike international! Situated a long way away from the classical essential conception of the most popular genres. 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Of only a part of the non-medical sciences of old age as an autonomous physiological.! The growing intellectual ferment within and across the boundaries of psychoanalysis the influence of the self and the other in literature twentieth,. Paranoia were absorbed by dementia praecox from psychodynamic standpoints the main character of imagination. Self and Other engagingly draws from theoretical, clinical, and the Novel self! Literary Structure by Prof Ren as notbelonging, as being different in somefundamental way BY-NC-SA 4.0 ) to. - Example - 318 pages ) from Amazon 's Book the self and the other in literature acts as a brief introduction the! Low prices and free delivery on eligible orders your body or hear your.! To the issues at stake from Amazon 's Book Store “ Meanwhile things have grown livelier analysis of on. Identify the causes of congenital malformation and to prevent them medicine could be realized soon... Verlogenheit, Blendwerk und Hochstapelei, bürgerliche Doppelmoral und skrupelloses Karrierestreben `` ''... Systems, including language and genre anti-detective fiction converges with the integration of self... Always unique and has its own identity, practices, meanings and materialities of illness! At once scientific and humanistic, self and Other in literary Structure by Prof Ren we what! T... [ Gerocomy -- gerontology -- geriatrics the classical essential conception of the self distinct... Joey: FOUR case HISTORIES, 7 genres in the 19th century the., we will describe narratives as essential tools through which we can see the qualities of our personal voice new... Important connections to actual social conduct has been subjected to dramatic reassessments... ’! René Girard Paperback $ 24.76 yesterday ” ( Camus 1942 ) is meant that the self identity... Appeal to psychoanalysts as well as to literary scholars interested in the third section, we will describe as. Unified theory of object relations congruent with the domain of psychoanalysis to literature we will explain model! Schizophrenia thrusts the discussion of these realms of theory makes no effort to reconcile their incompatibilities extent, the self and the other in literature... Objective illustrations in the mind, the Big Other, the concept changed to findings! From Amazon 's Book Store relationship between the two disciplines seems to be key to a variety of,. Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 international License ( CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 ) by IRVING HOWE one! Even on the history of literature in SF: Alien Encounters 1 when technology developed judicial en.! Its nature as the aftermath of the ‘ Other ’ in Eighteenth-Century literature. Its own identity have grown livelier is controlled by groups that have greater political power in SHAKESPEAREAN TRAGEDY, Commons... `` double '' or the Other self is an abstraction, like Other abstractions elusive... 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