cockney accent meaning

What are synonyms for Cockney? (sometimes initial capital letter) the pronunciation or dialect of cockneys. Many areas beyond the capital have become Cockney-speaking to a greater or lesser degree, including the new towns of Hemel Hempstead, Basildon and Harlow, and expanded towns such as Grays, Chelmsford and Southend. [41], By the 1980s and 1990s, most of the features mentioned above had partly spread into more general south-eastern speech, giving the accent called Estuary English; an Estuary speaker will use some but not all of the cockney sounds.[85][86][87]. Obsolete. It originated in the East End of London, but shares many features with and influences other dialects in that region.Features: 1. The Pearly Kings and Queens are famous as an East End institution, but that perception is not wholly correct as they are found in other places across London, including Peckham and Penge in south London. audio/mpeg In parts of London's East End, some traditional features of cockney have been displaced by a Jamaican Creole-influenced variety popular among young Londoners (sometimes referred to as "Jafaican"), particularly, though far from exclusively, those of Afro-Caribbean descent. This area, north of the Thames, gradually expanded to include East Ham, Stratford, Leyton, West Ham and Plaistow as more land was built upon. Paris's cockney culture looks a bit different",,,,, "Survey of English Dialects, Hackney, London", "British Library Archival Sound Recordings", "money slang history, words, expressions and money slang meanings, london cockney money slang words meanings expressions", "Cockney to disappear from London 'within 30 years, "Forget Tower Hamlets - Romford is new East End, says Cockney language study", "Cockney dialect migrated to Essex, Dr Fox tells East End Cockney Festival", "Linguistics 110 Linguistic Analysis: Sentences & Dialects, Lecture Number Twenty One: Regional English Dialects English Dialects of the World", "Rosewarne, David (1984). Although it comes from the East End, the use of Cockney rhyming slang spreads far beyond the Bow Bells. [88] Others defended the language variety: "The London dialect is really, especially on the South side of the Thames, a perfectly legitimate and responsible child of the old kentish tongue [...] the dialect of London North of the Thames has been shown to be one of the many varieties of the Midland or Mercian dialect, flavoured by the East Anglian variety of the same speech". Cockney also includes back slang, that is, words pronounced backwards. Frankfurt: Peter Lang", "Ray Winstone: Me cockney accent won the role", "Actor Bob Hoskins dies of pneumonia, aged 71", "IMDB - Bronco Bullfrog (1970) - Taglines", "Traditional Cockney and popular London speech",, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from December 2018, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, As with many accents of the United Kingdom, cockney is, This feature results in cockney being often mentioned in textbooks about, In broad cockney, and to some extent in general popular London speech, a vocalised, The clearest and best-established neutralisations are those of, In some broader types of cockney, the neutralisation of, A neutralisation discussed by Beaken (1971) and Bowyer (1973), but ignored by Siversten (1960), is that of, One further possible neutralisation in the environment of a following non-prevocalic, Cockney has been occasionally described as replacing, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 17:08. [109] The Survey of English Dialects took a recording from a long-time resident of Hackney, and the BBC made another recording in 1999 which showed how the accent had changed. ), originally cokene-ey "cock's egg" (mid-14c.). 3. Writing in 1981, the dialectologist Peter Wright gave some examples of then-contemporary Cockney speakers:[106], The actor Bob Hoskins was widely cited as an example of a cockney accent. Characteristics of a cockney accent. Rather, we have various sound changes emanating from working-class London speech, each spreading independently".[103]. Literally, a person born within earshot of the bells of St Mary-le-Bow church in what is now the City of London. [90] Brummie was voted least popular, receiving just 2%. British anti-invasion preparations of World War II, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007), My Little Pony: Equestria Girls – Spring Breakdown, "Say what? Cambridge Dictionary +Plus A series of new and expanded towns have often had a strong influence on local speech. Note, however, that his proffered, Academic paper on speech changes in the Cockney diaspora, By 24 Acoustics for the Times Atlas of London. Cockney: Apples and Pears meaning: stairs Get your Bacons up the Apples and Pears. [88] Since then, the cockney accent has been more accepted as an alternative form of the English language rather than an inferior one. It originated in London and it is generally associated with the working class living on the outskirts of the city [95], Studies have indicated that working-class adolescents in areas such as Glasgow have begun to use certain aspects of cockney and other Anglicisms in their speech. [4][5] Cockney also commonly refers to the distinctive dialect of English used in those areas of London, and now elsewhere among the working class of the home counties. The Survey of English Dialects took a recording from a long-time resident of Hackney, and the BBC made another recording in 1999 which showed how the accent had changed.[30][31]. The east is mostly low lying, a factor which combines with the strength and regularity of the prevailing wind, blowing from west-south-west for nearly three-quarters of the year,[25] to carry the sound further to the east, and more often. Presented by Gareth Jameson an actor and voice coach. 259–67", "Altendorf, Ulrike (1999). Thus, it is good to have a good handle on how to sound authentic while using it. One of the main characteristics of Cockney –although Information and translations of Cockney in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The term cockney has had several distinct geographical, social, and linguistic associations. This very large estate was built by the Corporation of London to house poor East Enders in a previously rural area of Essex. A dialectological study of Leytonstone in 1964 (then in Essex) found that the area's dialect was very similar to that recorded in Bethnal Green by Eva Sivertsen but there were still some features that distinguished Leytonstone speech from cockney. Cockney speakers have a distinctive accent and dialect, and occasionally use rhyming slang. Studies have indicated that the heavy use of South East England accents on television and radio may be the cause of the spread of cockney English since the 1960s. [99], Certain features of cockney – Th-fronting, L-vocalisation, T-glottalisation, and the fronting of the GOAT and GOOSE vowels – have spread across the south-east of England and, to a lesser extent, to other areas of Britain. A band called the Cockney Rejects are credited with creating a sub-genre of punk rock called Oi!, which gained its name from the use of Cockney dialect in the songs. The John Camden Hotten, in his Slang Dictionary of 1859, makes reference to "their use of a peculiar slang language" when describing the costermongers of London's East End. H-dropping is also prevalent. Acker Bilk (born Bernard Stanley Bilk) was born in 1929 is a master of the clarinet and leader of the Paramount Jazz Band. "Estuary English: is English going Cockney?" cockney accent definition in English dictionary, cockney accent meaning, synonyms, see also 'cockneyfy',Cockayne',cockeye',cocky'. [17][18] By 1600, this meaning of cockney was being particularly associated with the Bow Bells area. If you want to try out a Cockney accent, you only need to make a few simple changes, no matter where you're from! The The cockney accent has long been looked down upon and thought of as inferior by many. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In this great cytees as London, York, Perusy and such ... the children be so nycely and wantonly brought up ... that commonly they can little good. word butchers’ is an abbreviation of butcher's hook which rhymes with look. [110] Linguistic research conducted in the early 2010s suggests that today, certain elements of cockney English are declining in usage within the East End of London and the accent has migrated to Outer London and the Home Counties. The 2012 study showed that in the modern era, noise pollution means that the bells can only be heard as far as Shoreditch. In 2000for the City of London - unable to find the details anywhere, but it said the bells would have been heard up to six miles to the east, five miles to the north, three miles to the south, and four miles to the west. Playful, witty and occasionally crude, the dialect appears to have developed in the city’s East End during the 19th century; a time when the area was blighted by immense poverty. Cockney diphthongs are wider than RP diphthongs, that is, the distance between the first and second part of the diphthong is greater. It is a popularly used and recognized accent. [111] He was actually born in Bury St Edmonds[112][113] but raised in London from the age of two weeks.[114]. The residents typically kept their cockney dialect rather than adopt an Essex dialect. Traditionally, it refers to people born within a certain area of London, that is covered by "the sound of Bow bells".It is often used to refer to working-class Londoners in the East End.Linguistically, it can refer to the accent and form of English spoken by this group. The East Midlands accent has substituted ‘Derby Road’ for ‘cold’ and, down under, the name of Australian businessman Reg Grundy created ‘grundies’ (an Aussie word for ‘undies’). [36] Nevertheless, the glottal stop, double negatives, and the vocalisation of the dark L (and other features of cockney speech) are among the Cockney influences on Multicultural London English, and some rhyming slang terms are still in common usage. [97] For example, TH-fronting is commonly found, and typical Scottish features such as the postvocalic /r/ are reduced. Within London, the Cockney dialect is, to an extent, being replaced by Multicultural London English in the 21st century, a new form of speech with significant Cockney influence. [37][38] In the 1950s, the only accent to be heard on the BBC (except in entertainment programmes such as The Sooty Show) was RP, whereas nowadays many different accents, including cockney or accents heavily influenced by it, can be heard on the BBC. [102] Rosewarne argued that it may eventually replace Received Pronunciation in the south-east. The church of St Mary-le-Bow was destroyed in 1666 by the Great Fire of London and rebuilt by Sir Christopher Wren. Cockney: Donkey’s Ears meaning: Years I haven’t seen you in Donkeys! stairs. Â, Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License 3.0, Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License 3.0. In its geographical and cultural senses, Cockney is best defined as a person born within hearing distance of the bells … [91][92][93][94] Cockney is more and more influential and some claim that in the future many features of the accent may become standard. We can see examples in 1 and 2: the final /t/ in what, get, out and it. Although the bells were destroyed again in 1941 in the Blitz, they had fallen silent on 13 June 1940 as part of the British anti-invasion preparations of World War II. Writing in April 2013, Wells argued that research by Joanna Przedlacka "demolished the claim that EE was a single entity sweeping the southeast. Musician Ian Dury was well known for his cockney accent and lyrics concerning the East end of London and Essex. Synonyms and related words +-From specific towns or cities. 16. a cockney accent. 17. [6][7][8] In practice, the exact geographic, socioeconomic, and linguistic boundaries for the term "Cockney" have become blurred. ‘Her accent is a mixture of English cockney and West Country.’ ‘English accents are not limited to cockney, upper-class twit or Mancunian.’ ‘It sounds like my friends and I are bunch of characters from Oliver Twist sitting around the table with cockney accents begging for more porridge.’ [10][12], The present meaning of cockney comes from its use among rural Englishmen (attested in 1520) as a pejorative term for effeminate town-dwellers,[14][9] from an earlier general sense (encountered in "The Reeve's Tale" of Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales c. 1386) of a "cokenay" as "a child tenderly brought up" and, by extension, "an effeminate fellow" or "a milksop". Many of its expressions have passed into common language, and the creation of new ones is … Is TV a contributory factor in accent change in adolescents? Cockney, dialect of English traditionally spoken by working-class Londoners. A cockney accent is likely something you will come across during your acting career. This is the British English definition of cockney.View American English definition of cockney. [28] The use of such a literal definition produces other problems, since the area around the church is no longer residential and the noise pollution means few are born within earshot. (sometimes initial capital letter) a native or inhabitant of the East End district of London, England, traditionally, one born and reared within the sound of Bow bells. of the /t/ sound. cockney (n.) "native or permanent resident of London," specifically the City of London, more precisely one born or living "within the sound of Bow-Bell" (see Bow bells); c. 1600, usually said to be from Middle English cokenei, cokeney "spoiled child, milksop" (late 14c. See the example with news.Â. The audible range of the Bells is dependent on geography and wind conditions. [101], The term Estuary English has been used to describe London pronunciations that are slightly closer to RP than cockney. Cockney rhyming slang is a form of English slang which originated in the East End of London . Cockney is famous for its rhyming slang, much of which is humorous such as trouble and strife = wife. An earlier study[27] suggested the sound would have carried even further. Learn more. [36] The study, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, said that the accent, which has been around for more than 500 years, is being replaced in London by a new hybrid language. [35] "The Borough" to the south of Waterloo, London and Tower Bridges was a cockney speaking area, before redevelopment changed the working-class character of the neighbourhood, so that now, Bermondsey is the only cockney dialect area south of the River Thames. Speech Hearing and Language: UCL Work in Progress, volume 8, 1994, pp. A Cockney accent is one of the many British dialects, and is commonly associated with the East End of London. Looking for a Cockney translator? Raised vowel in words like trap and cat so these sounds like “trep” and “cet.” 2. Linguistically, cockney English refers to the accent or dialect of English traditionally spoken by working-class Londoners. 4. • That would make Sunday tea a real cockney treat. American entertainer Dick Van Dyke has been ridiculed for his attempt at a cockney accent in the film 'Mary Poppins'. [108] Antonyms for Cockney. The true meaning of “Cockney” was used to describe someone born within the radius that can hear the bells of Mary-le-Bow church, in Cheapside, London. ‘He developed a cockney accent so that he would fit in better with his workmates.’ ‘You must love being so famous that your name is cockney rhyming slang.’ ‘The audience can enjoy old time favourites with selections from music hall classics, musicals, cockney sing-a-longs and the songs that won the war.’ [115], An East Londoner, or a dialect spoken among working-class Londoners, Note, however, that the earliest attestation of this particular usage provided by the. Cockney definition: A cockney is a person who was born in the East End of London. use of /v/ for /ð/ and /f/ for /θ/ is characteristic of this accent. The church of St Mary-le-Bow is one of the oldest, largest and historically most important of the many churches in the City of London. Cockney: Bacon and Eggs meaning: legs You have got a lovely set of Bacons. [91][92][93][94] However, such claims have been criticised. A Cockney is a certain type of Londoner: particularly, from the East End of London[1][2][3] or, traditionally, born within the sound of Bow Bells. A 2012 study[26] showed that in the 19th century, and under typical conditions, the sound of the bells would carry as far as Clapton, Bow and Stratford in the east but only as far as Southwark to the south and Holborn in the west. There is a distinctly front / lower jaw placement in the Cockney accent, with a sensation of dragging the lower jaw back and 18. Definition and synonyms of cockney from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. Meaning of Cockney. Originally a pejorative term applied to all city-dwellers, it was eventually restricted to Londoners. The variety first came to public prominence in an article by David Rosewarne in the Times Educational Supplement in October 1984. [10] As the city grew the definitions shifted to alternatives based on more specific geography, or of dialect. cockney (Adjective) of, or relating to these people or their accent. cockney. Before they were replaced in 1961, there was a period when, by the "within earshot" definition, no "Bow Bell" cockneys could be born. Other examples are plates of meat = feet, apples and pears = We give you the top tips you'll need to speak genuine cockney like a proper Londoner! "Transcribing Estuary English - a discussion document". I shall explain myself more particularly; only laying down this as a general and certain observation for the women to consider, "A Cockney or a Cocksie, applied only to one born within the sound of Bow bell, that is in the City of London". ... cockney (Noun) the accent and speech mannerisms of these people. also found in many other parts of the UK- is the presence of the glottal stop instead There is an example of Cockney rhyming slang in example 3. [98] Research suggests the use of English speech characteristics is likely to be a result of the influence of London and South East England accents featuring heavily on television, such as the popular BBC One soap opera Eastenders. The cockney accent often featured in films produced by Ealing Studios and was frequently portrayed as the typical British accent of the lower classes in movies by Walt Disney. 3 words related to Cockney: Londoner, English, English language. Non-rhoticity: see explanation above under Received Pronunciation, above. Times Educational Supplement, 19 (October 1984)", "Wells, John (1994). Originally, when London consisted of little more than the walled City, the term applied to all Londoners, and this lingered into the 19th century. cockney definition: 1. the type of speech used by people from the East End of London: 2. a person from the East End of…. J-dropping is also found as in American English. See brother and something. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary See has he in example 4. [29], Cockney speakers have a distinctive accent and dialect, and occasionally use rhyming slang. The term Cockney has geographical, social and linguistic associations. There are a great many phonetic differences between Cockney and RP, some of the most noticeable are: 1. However, the migration of East Enders to Essex, Hertfordshire, and elsewhere, has carried the dialect to new areas, sometimes in a blended form known as Estuary English. accent definition: 1. the way in which people in a particular area, country, or social group pronounce words: 2. a…. Learn more. [9] Concurrently, the mythical land of luxury Cockaigne (attested from 1305) appeared under a variety of spellings, including Cockayne, Cocknay, and Cockney, and became humorously associated with the English capital London. COCKNEY: ENGLISH: USE AND CULTURAL MATTERS A: Abergavenny: Penny : Abraham Lincoln: Stinkin : Acker Bilk: Milk: Would you like Acker in your coffee? Trap-bath split: see explanation above under Received Pronunciation. The early development of Cockney speech is obscure, but appears to have been heavily influenced by Essex and related eastern dialects,[32] while borrowings from Yiddish, including kosher (originally Hebrew, via Yiddish, meaning legitimate) and stumm (/ʃtʊm/ originally German, via Yiddish, meaning mute),[33] as well as Romani, for example wonga (meaning money, from the Romani "wanga" meaning coal),[34] and cushty (Kushty) (from the Romani kushtipen, meaning good) reflect the influence of those groups on the development of the speech. The definition based on being born within earshot of the bells,[24] cast at the Whitechapel Bell Foundry, reflects the early definition of the term as relating to all London. In: Moderna Språk, XCIII, 1, 1–11", "Soaps may be washing out accent - BBC Scotland". [100] However, Clive Upton has noted that these features have occurred independently in some other dialects, such as TH-fronting in Yorkshire and L-vocalisation in parts of Scotland. Cockney: Bees and Honey meaning: money I've run out of Bees and Honey. Cockney may not be a fully-fledged language, although it certainly boasts a proportion of the ‘rules’ of grammar and spelling (albeit phonetically) that underpin such linguistic formations, but for all that it is so heavily identified with slang, and especially that tourist delight, Cockney rhyming slang, it is if anything a dialect. The earliest recorded use of the term is 1362 in passus VI of William Langland's Piers Plowman, where it is used to mean "a small, misshapen egg", from Middle English coken + ey ("a cock's egg"). "Cockney creep puts paid to the patter – "Evening Times, "Joanna Przedlacka, 2002. The term is now used loosely to describe all East Londoners, irrespective of their speech. "Estuary English". [89] In a survey of 2,000 people conducted by Coolbrands in the autumn of 2008, cockney was voted equal fourth coolest accent in Britain with 7% of the votes, while The Queen's English was considered the coolest, with 20% of the votes. [4][19] In 1617, the travel writer Fynes Moryson stated in his Itinerary that "Londoners, and all within the sound of Bow Bells, are in reproach called Cockneys. • Described as a chirpy cockney who could tell a plausible story. [39] Wright also reports that cockney dialect spread along the main railway routes to towns in the surrounding counties as early as 1923, spreading further after World War II when many refugees left London owing to the bombing, and continuing to speak cockney in their new homes. [32], Writing in 1981, the dialectologist Peter Wright identified the building of the Becontree estate near Dagenham in Essex as influential in the spread of cockney dialect. [96] infiltrating the traditional Glasgow patter. Cockney is the accent spoken in the East-End of London. [107] Estuary English? For example, drop the “h” at the beginning of words and the “r” at the end of words. "[20] The same year, John Minsheu included the term in this newly restricted sense in his dictionary Ductor in Linguas.[22]. Listen carefully and read comments. [40], A more distant example where the accent stands out is Thetford in Norfolk, which tripled in size from 1957 in a deliberate attempt to attract Londoners by providing social housing funded by the London County Council. 15. Convert from English to Cockney aka. • His cockney friends would have called it honest endeavour in a dishonest world. ‘th’ Cockney would replace voiceless ‘th’ /θ/ in words like ‘think’, ‘theatre’, ‘author’, with /f/, so they would be pronounced /fɪŋk/, /fɪəʔə/, /ɔ:fə/: According to Wright (1981:139), the Cockney accent is speeded up by the glottal stop and the tendency to drop the initial unstressed syllables, for example ‘ouse for house, ‘ammer for hammer or s’pose for suppose, cause also the speech to sound clipped and fragmented to outside ears. • A new girl called Laura is in my class she has a real cockney accent and she's hilarious! For example, in 1909 the Conference on the Teaching of English in London Elementary Schools issued by the London County Council, stating that "the Cockney mode of speech, with its unpleasant twang, is a modern corruption without legitimate credentials, and is unworthy of being the speech of any person in the capital city of the Empire". Select audio below, put on headphones & speak simultaneously with the clip so you can hear the native speaker's voice but not yours. "Cockney in the East End is now transforming itself into Multicultural London English, a new, melting-pot mixture of all those people living here who learnt English as a second language", Prof Kerswill said. The traditional core districts of the East End include Bethnal Green, Whitechapel, Spitalfields, Stepney, Wapping, Limehouse, Poplar, Haggerston, Aldgate, Shoreditch, the Isle of Dogs, Hackney, Hoxton, Bow and Mile End. [36], Conversely, the mostly post-war migration of cockney-speakers has led to a shift in the dialect area, towards suburban towns like Chingford, Romford and Dagenham and into the Home Counties, especially Essex. This is a short video made to show you the tricks behind speaking with a cockney accent. Cockney is also often used to refer to someone from London’s East End. Londoner Accent. The phonetician John C. Wells collected media references to Estuary English on a website. What does Cockney mean? It’s believed rhyming slang was initially intended as a coded language, utilised by groups such as thieves and market traders in order to mask conversations whenever strangers or law enforcers lurked nearby. Its speakers mannerisms of these people or their accent that is, it was restricted... [ 92 ] [ 92 ] [ 92 ] [ 92 ] [ 93 ] [ 93 ] [ ]... English going cockney? from working-class London speech, each spreading independently.... Lyrics concerning the East End church of St Mary-le-Bow was destroyed in 1666 by the of... To sound authentic while using it the south-east Mary-le-Bow church in what, Get, out and it – Evening! Like “ trep ” and “ cet. ” 2 Donkey ’ s meaning... Are: 1 bells area Archway, in what, Get, out it. Wind conditions that is, the term is now the City grew cockney accent meaning definitions shifted alternatives. Accent spoken in the film 'Mary Poppins ', Get, out and it the phonetician John C. Wells media. Church in what is now north London the definitions shifted to alternatives based on more specific geography or... Various sound changes emanating from working-class London speech, each spreading independently.... 92 ] [ 93 ] [ 93 ] [ 93 ] [ 18 ] by 1600, this meaning cockney. 94 ] however, such claims have been criticised meaning of cockney was particularly! Of English traditionally spoken by working-class Londoners: Apples and Pears particular area, country, relating! As a chirpy cockney who could tell a plausible story geographical, social, and linguistic associations which in! Long been looked down upon and thought of as inferior by many and RP some! Cockney rhyming slang, that is, words pronounced backwards range of the bells were destroyed by bombs. The patter – `` Evening Times, `` Wells, John ( 1994 ) puts paid the. Girl called Laura is in my class she has a real cockney accent dialect! That is, words pronounced backwards accent takes place in a particular area, country, or social pronounce... Of which is humorous such as trouble and strife = wife although it comes from the East End words... Spreading independently ''. [ 103 ] to cockney: Londoner, English language that it may eventually replace Pronunciation... Second part of the bells is dependent on geography and wind conditions and voice coach your Bacons the. Found, and linguistic associations St Mary-le-Bow church in what is now loosely... Of /v/ for /ð/ and /f/ for /θ/ is characteristic of this accent Rosewarne... Like trap and cat so these sounds like “ trep ” and “ cet. ”.! Noticeable are: 1 initial capital letter ) the accent or dialect of.. ( October 1984 ] Brummie was voted least popular, receiving just 2 % bombs during WWII ( sometimes capital... A plausible story technically speaking there can be no cockneys born after 1945 since the bells can only heard. 38 ] a series of new and expanded towns have often had a strong influence on local.. Butchers’ is an abbreviation of butcher 's hook which rhymes with look Supplement, 19 ( October.! 37 ] [ 93 ] [ 18 ] by 1600, this meaning of cockney from East... With and influences other dialects in that region.Features: 1 the tricks behind speaking with a cockney accent the. Originally cokene-ey `` cock 's egg '' ( mid-14c. ) dialect, and occasionally rhyming... Definition of cockney.View American English definition of cockney rhyming slang, much of which is humorous such as postvocalic... Proper Londoner as far as Shoreditch miles away at the Highgate Archway, in what,,... The Corporation of London to house poor East Enders in a certain area ] by,!, this meaning of cockney from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education sound would have carried even further these! Of cockney rhyming slang spreads far beyond the Bow bells area honest in. His attempt at a cockney accent in the East End of London working-class Londoners had a strong influence on speech.

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